Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
The Coastal and Estuarine Land Conservation Program (CELCP, pronounced "kelp") was created in 2002 as a companion to the Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA). Through this program, coastal states and territories that have voluntarily established Coastal Zone Management Programs (as required by the CZMA) as well as CELCP plans for their coastal zones can apply for matching funds for the aquisition of coatal lands that provide critical ecosystem services. By providing crtiical funding for coastal conservtion, the CELCP program counters the development pressures that are frequently felt by communities in the coastal zone. CELCP funds are allocated each year through a competitive process, meritorious projects complement working waterfront needs and advance the goals, objectives, and/or implementation of federal, regional, state, or local coastal management plans, including the state's CELCP plan, CZM program, and other applicable plans. Congress is permitted to allocate a maximum of $60,000,000 to the CELCP program each year, however, the actual program allocation has varied from as little as $0 to as much as $50,600,000. Presently Indiana, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin are the only Great Lakes states elidgible to apply for CELCP funding because Illinois, Michigan, and Minnesota are still in the draft and development phases of their CELCP plans.